In 1790, Catholic Missionaries – out of curiosity – first started growing coffee in Nicaragua. But it took another fifty years for coffee to become an economically relevant income pillar to the country. Between 1840 and 1940, Nicaragua’s coffee industry blossomed and grew its global market share substantially. Initially, the Government subsidized large farms but later started the institutionalization of cooperatives. First coops were formed only in the early 20th century.
In the past, coffee production has suffered from devastating political and financial instability. Although the coffee industry experienced several setbacks, coffee remained among the country’s primary export goods. Luckily, in the past 20 years, the situation has started to recover. Producers are now keen to develop their agricultural practices within an improving infrastructure to revive their reputation in the specialty coffee scene. Today, coffees from Nicaragua have a high level of traceability. The best known coffee-growing regions are the highlands of Jinotega and Matagalpa, and Nueva Segovia. As farmers are continuously improving their agricultural techniques, the quality of Nicaraguan coffee has been steadily increasing, suggesting great potential for the country’s future production.